Official languages

Consult the CIA website to see the official language of each country.

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COUNTRY Official language English Proficiency test required Dissertation required
A top
Afghanistan Pushtu Yes Yes
Albania Albanian Yes Yes
Algeria Arabic Yes Yes
Andorra Catalán Yes No
Angola Bantu, Portuguese Yes Yes
Anguilla English No Yes
Antigua and Barbuda English No Yes
Antilles Caribbean Dutch Yes Yes
Argentina Spanish Yes Yes
Armenia Armenian Yes Yes
Aruba Caribbean Papiamento Yes Yes
Asia various Yes Yes
Australia English No Yes
Austria German Yes Yes
Azerbaijan Azerbaijani, Turkic Yes Yes
Azores Portuguese Yes Yes
B top
Bahamas English No Yes
Bahrain Arabic Yes Yes
Bangladesh Bangla Yes Yes
Barbados English No Yes
Belarus (Beylarussia) Belorussian Yes Yes
Belgium Dutch Yes No
Belize English No Yes
Benin French Yes No
Bermuda English No Yes
Bhutan Dzongkha Yes Yes
Bolivia Spanish Yes Yes
Bosnia and Herzegovina Serbian, Croatian, or Bosnian Yes Yes
Botswana English, Setswana No Yes
Brazil Portuguese Yes Yes
Bulgaria Bulgarian Yes Yes
Burkina Faso (anc. Haute-Volta) French Yes No
Burundi Kirundi, French Yes No
Burma Burmese Yes Yes
Brunei ou B. Darussalam Malay Yes Yes
C top
Cambodia Khmer Yes Yes
Cameroon French, English No No
Canada English, French No No
Cape Verde Portuguese Yes Yes
Central African Republic French Yes No
Ceylon Sinhalese Yes yes
Chad French, Arabic Yes No
Chile Spanish Yes Yes
China Chinese, Mandarin Yes Yes
Colombia Spanish Yes Yes
Commonwealth of the Caribbean English No Yes
Comoros French, Arabic Yes No
Congo French Yes No
Costa Rica Spanish Yes Yes
Côte d'Ivoire French Yes No
Croatia Serbian, Croatian, or Bosnian Yes Yes
Cuba Spanish Yes Yes
Cyprus Greek Yes Yes
Czech Republic Czech Yes Yes
D top
Denmark Danish Yes Yes
Djibouti Arabic, French Yes No
Dominica English No Yes
Dominican Republic Spanish Yes Yes
E top
East Timor Tetum, Portuguese Yes Yes
Ecuador Spanish Yes Yes
Egypt Arabic Yes Yes
El Salvador Spanish Yes Yes
Equatorial Guinea Spanish, French Yes No
Eritrea Afar Yes Yes
Estonia Estonian Yes Yes
Ethiopia Amharic Yes Yes
F top
Falkland Island English No Yes
Fiji Fijian, Hindustani, English No Yes
Finland Finnish, Swedish Yes Yes
France French Yes No
French Guiana French Yes No
G top
Gabon French Yes No
Gambia English No Yes
Georgia Georgian Yes Yes
Germany German Yes Yes
Ghana English No Yes
Greece Greek Yes Yes
Grenada English No Yes
Guam English No Yes
Guatemala Spanish Yes Yes
Guinea French Yes No
Guinea-Bissau Portuguese Yes Yes
Guyana English No Yes
H top
Haiti Creole and French Yes No
Honduras Spanish Yes Yes
Hong Kong Chinese, English Yes Yes
Hungary Magyar Yes Yes
I top
Iceland Icelandic Yes Yes
India Hindi, English Yes Yes
Indonesia Bahasa Indonesia Yes Yes
Iran Farsi Yes Yes
Iraq Arabic Yes Yes
Ireland English, Irish No Yes
Israel Hebrew Yes Yes
Italy Italian Yes Yes
J top
Jamaica English, Jamaican Creole No Yes
Japan Japanese Yes Yes
Jordan Arabic Yes Yes
K top
Kazkhstan Kazak Yes Yes
Kenya English No Yes
Kiribati English No Yes
Korea Korean Yes Yes
Kuwait Arabic Yes Yes
Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyz Yes Yes
L top
Laos Lao Yes Yes
Latvia Latvian Yes Yes
Lebanon Arabic Yes No
Lesotho English, Sesotho No Yes
Liberia English No Yes
Libya Arabic Yes Yes
Liechtenstein German Yes Yes
Lithuania Lithuanian Yes Yes
Luxembourg Luxembourgish Yes Yes
M top
Macedonia Macedonian Yes Yes
Madagascar Malagasy, French Yes No
Malawi English, Chichewa No Yes
Malaysia Malay Yes Yes
Maldives Dhivehi Yes Yes
Mali French Yes No
Malta Maltese, English No Yes
Marshall Islands Marshallese and English Yes Yes
Mauritania Arabic, Wolof, French Yes No
Mauritius English, French No No
Mexico Spanish Yes Yes
Micronesia English No Yes
Moldova Moldovan Yes Yes
Monaco French Ask forTOEFL No
Mongolia Mongolian Yes Yes
Montenegro Serbian Yes Yes
Morocco Arabic Yes No
Mozambique Portuguese Yes Yes
Myanmar Burmese Yes Yes
N top
Namibia Afrikaans, German, Oshiwambo Yes Yes
Nauru Nauruan Yes Yes
Nepal Nepali Yes Yes
The Netherlands Dutch Yes Yes
New Guinea English, Melanesian Yes Yes
New Zealand English No Yes
Nicaragua Spanish Yes Yes
Niger French Yes No
Nigeria English No Yes
Norway Bokmål, Nynorsk Yes Yes
O top
Oman Arabic Yes Yes
P top
Pakistan Punjabi Yes Yes
Palau Palauan, English No Yes
Palestinian State Arabic, Hebrew Yes Yes
Panama Spanish Yes Yes
Papua New Guinea English, Tok Pisin Yes Yes
Paraguay Spanish Yes Yes
Peru Spanish Yes Yes
Philippines Filipino, English No Yes
Poland Polish Yes Yes
Portugal Portuguese Yes Yes
Puerto Rico Spanish, English Yes  
Q top
Qatar Arabic, English Yes Yes
R top
Romania Romanian Yes Yes
Russia Russian Yes Yes
Rwanda Kinyarwanda, French Yes Yes
S top
Samoa Samoan, English Yes Yes
San Marino Italian Yes Yes
Saudi Arabia Arabic Yes Yes
São Tomé and Príncipe Portuguese Yes Yes
Scotland English No Yes
Senegal French Yes No
Serbo-Croatia Serbian Yes Yes
Seychelles English, French No No
Sierra Leone English No Yes
Singapore Malay, Chinese, Tamil, English No Yes
Slovakia Slovak Yes Yes
Slovenia Slovenian Yes Yes
Solomon Islands English, Solomon Pijin Yes Yes
Somalia Somali Yes Yes
South Africa Xhosa and Zulu Yes Yes
Spain Spanish Yes Yes
St. Kitts and Nevis English No Yes
St. Lucia English No Yes
St. Vincent and the Grenadines English No Yes
Sri Lanka Sinhala Yes Yes
Sudan Arabic Yes Yes
Suriname Dutch Yes Yes
Swaziland English, Swazi No Yes
Sweden Swedish Yes Yes
Switzerland German, French, Italian Yes No
Syria Arabic Ask for TOEFL Yes
T top
Taiwan Chinese Yes Yes
Tajikistan Tajik Yes Yes
Tanganyika (formerly Tanzania) English No Yes
Tanzania Swahili, English No Yes
Thailand Thai Yes Yes
Togo French Yes No
Tonga Island Tongan Yes Yes
Trinidad and Tobago English, Hindi, French, Spanish No Yes
Tunisia Arabic, French Yes No
Turkey Turkish Yes Yes
Turkmenistan Turkmen Yes Yes
Tuvalu Tuvaluan, English Yes Yes
U top
Uganda English No Yes
Ukraine Ukrainian Yes Yes
United Arab Emirates Arabic, English Yes Yes
United Kingdom English No Yes
United States English No Yes
Uruguay Spanish Yes Yes
Uzbekistan Uzbek, Russian Yes Yes
V top
Vanuatu Bislama, English, French Yes Yes
Venezuela Spanish Yes Yes
Vietnam Vietnamese Yes Yes
W top
Western Sahara Spanish, Arabic Yes Yes
Y top
Yemen Arabic Yes Yes
Yugoslavia Serbo Croatian Yes Yes
Z top
Zaire French Yes No
Zambia English No Yes
Zimbabwe English No Yes

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